Visit colosseum in Rome Italy attracted by the fascination of its history and its complex architecture.
Undoubtedly, one of the most iconic monuments globally and a symbol of Rome’s grandeur, the Flavian Amphitheatre, better known as the Colosseum due to the colossal statue of Nero nearby, rises in the archaeological heart of the city, narrating an uninterrupted tale of charm and magnificence for nearly two millennia.
«Quamdiu stabit Colyseus stabit et Roma; cum cadet Colyseus cadet et Roma; cum cadet Roma cadet et mundus» «As long as the Colosseum exists, Rome will also exist; when the Colosseum falls, Rome will fall too; when Rome falls, the world will fall too
Commissioned by Emperor Titus Flavius Vespasian, who chose the area between the Palatine, Esquiline, and Caelian hills for its construction, the Colosseum was built on the site previously occupied by Nero’s artificial lake at the Domus Aurea. Construction began in 70 AD and concluded in 80 AD during the reign of Titus, Vespasian’s son. More info at Tickets Colosseum Rome.it
The structure, intended for various spectacles like gladiatorial combats (munera), simulated hunts of ferocious and exotic animals (venationes), and naval battles (naumachiae), comprises four superimposed architectural orders. The first three tiers consist of eighty arches framed by semicolumns, while the fourth tier is divided into panels interspersed with windows. The topmost level once housed masonry and wooden supports for an immense canvas awning (velarium) used to shield spectators from the sun and rain.
Stretching 189 meters in length, 156 meters in width, and rising over 48 meters in height, the Colosseum covers an area of 24,000 square meters and could accommodate approximately 50,000 spectators seated in the cavea, which comprised brick-built seating rows covered in marble. The arena, measuring 76 meters by 46 meters, was constructed with a large wooden platform covered in sand. More info at Tickets Colosseum Rome.it
Below the Colosseum’s arena, preparations for the spectacles took place. Various trapdoors were located inside, from which men and animals would emerge unexpectedly, lifted by lifts through a complex system of winches, which, unfortunately, were destroyed by the fire that severely damaged the monument in 217. At certain times of the year, visitors can descend into the monument’s interior, where the environments still preserve the conditions they were in at the end of the 5th century AD when they were buried. Since then, they have undergone no alteration due to subsequent uses, unlike the elevated part of the Amphitheatre.
In 438, Valentinian III abolished gladiatorial games, and the amphitheatre underwent a gradual decline, leading it to be used as a quarry for materials in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, as well as shelter for animals and as a location for artisan workshops and residences.
During the Romantic period, its charm as an ancient ruin attracted literary figures and artists such as Shelley, Byron, Dickens, Thomas Cole, and Henry James. For Stendhal, the Colosseum represented “the most beautiful vestiges of the Roman people,” a place where “if I had the power, I would be a tyrant, and I would stop the Colosseum during my stays in Rome.” More info at Tickets Colosseum Rome.it
Periodically, it hosts temporary exhibitions and modern shows.
Together with the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill, the Colosseum is part of the Archaeological Park of the Colosseum.
Piazza del Colosseo Rome italy
Open every day More info at Tickets Colosseum Rome.it
Colosseum opening hours
from January 1st to February 28th 8.30am – 4.30pm
from 1 to 25 March 9.00 – 17.30
from 26 March to 31 August 9.00 – 19.15
from 1 September to 30 September 9.00 – 19.00
from 1 to 28 October 9.00 – 18.30
29 October to 31 October 9.00 – 16.30
Colosseum: from 1 November to 31 December 8.30am – 4.30pm
Last entry one hour before closing
Closing: December 25th
> Real-time timetable updates
The Roman Forum and the Palatine are located in the same archaeological area, therefore once you have entered the area it is NO longer possible to access them using the same ticket a second time.More info at Tickets Colosseum Rome.it